Commonwealth Of Amun

Discussion in 'Empires' started by 19fitzna, Oct 2, 2018.

  1. 19fitzna

    19fitzna Iron Staff Member Helper

    Empire Name:
    Commonwealth Of Amun

    Capital City Name:
    City Of Heka

    Empire Leader:
    The acting president; currently: 19fitzna

    Empire Officers:
    None ATM

    Empire Government Type:
    Democracy

    Empire Government Model:
    All decisions are made via vote in the general assembly, which consists of all citizens of the empire

    Empire Goals:
    To become an economic power through heavy focus on industrialization.

    Empire Laws:

    PREAMBLE:
    We, the Citizens of Amun in the lands of Mysto, with the steel will and determination to form and establish a land united, divided, and truly free, all come together in the interests of protecting the ideals of liberty and democratic governance, and with the final goal of world unification through peaceful and diplomatic means under the values of freedom and justice for all, upholds, protects, and forms the Commonwealth of Amun
    SECTION I - RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE
    1) The rights of the people of the Commonwealth of Amun shall not be infringed unless specifically perscribed by law. No citizen may be stripped of the right to vote unless duly convicted of a crime and incarcerated.
    2a) All citizens are free to pursue the employment they wish to, free from the government forcing one to do so. Employment will be regulated only in that one receives adequate pay for their work; that work is available and fair; and that the work, or any part of it, is not criminal in its nature.
    2b) All citizens are entitled to these basic rights: The rights to freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and the freedom to petition the Government for the redress of any and all grievances.
    2c) All citizens are entitled to these basic items: The rights to their own housing and the land around it up to, but not including, any and all surrounding road(s), food, and at least one of each type (not class) of unarmed vehicle designed primarily for transportation. The ownership of more than one residential facility in a city is forbidden.
    3) No damage shall be dealt to either personal, public, or private property, or any property leased to other nations or entities under any circumstances, regardless of intent.
    Laws where perscribed and in reference to the Amunian Penal Code may lead to the indefinite forfeiture of part or all parts of this right.
    4) All citizens have the right to bear arms (Such as swords, axes, bows, and magic wands). Violation of any part of the first Article is grounds for the forfeiture of this right as stated within the Amunian Penal Code.
    5a) An official may not enter into, nor onto, a citizen's place of residence or personal property (i.e. home, apartment, business, etc.) for purposes of search and/or seizure, nor may a citizen be arrested and/or detained without an appropriate warrant or order issued by the Justice. (See Section VI for details on property law.)
    5b) Personal property shall be defined as one's primary place of residence, storable items, and one or each type of vehicle (land, air, and sea). All of these shall be protected from government and non-governmental organizational seizure as per the appropriate provisions in this Constitution. All of this type of property is protected by the government, but must either be stored on one's residence, in any storage unit or entity owned by an individual, or on their person.
    5c) Private property shall be defined as a for-profit entity's collective ownership of one or more facilities that are not state-owned, nationalized, or personal property. Such items include corporation-owned-and-operated buildings or facilities, corporation-owned vehicles, and items mined specifically for corporate entities. These shall be protected from governmental seizure as per the appropriate provisions in Section I of this Constitution.
    5d) Public property shall be defined as both state-owned property and property that belongs to the people as a whole, protected from claims by non-governmental organizations. Such items include all items within government buildings, all farmlands, all horses, and all animals. (Military hardware (such as armed and armored vehicles, and cannons) falls under public property, but the government may place restrictions on their use and transportation.) No item may be taken from any of the protected locations above by a non-government organization without permission from the President or the governor of the city it is in.
    6a) The only way a warrant may be issued is if there is obvious proof a crime has been committed, or if there was reasonable suspicion one was committed by this person(s). An arrest warrant must state all charges being issued against a person, or group of persons, while a search/seizure warrant must state any and all reasons and suspicions for the searching of any property, whether it be public, private, or personal. Property, items, or items found on property seized without a warrant may not be considered as evidence during a criminal investigation or trial, and must be returned to the location where they were found.
    6b) A warrant for one's arrest may only be issued by a majority vote from the General Assembly.
    6c) Detainment lengths after arrests but before trials shall not exceed forty-eight hours, no extensions. Extrajudicial detainment or arrests are forbidden.
    7a) No physical hostile action may be taken against another sovereign entity by any citizen of the Commonwealth of Amun without one of four prerequisites: a state of war having been officially declared towards said entity by the Amunian Government; a state of war having been officially declared towards Amun by said entity; a point in relations between another entity is reached where hostilities are inherent and intentional; or where one's life, limb, and/or assets are placed in jeopardy by any foreign entity.
    7b) For a casus belli to fall under the fourth clause of Article 7a, a citizen of the Commonwealth of Amun must have been openly attacked either verbally or physically by a foreign entity; threatened to be killed, or otherwise killed by a government-employed (defined as a government official or member of a nation's armed forces) or privately-employed (defined as a corporate official or member of a for-profit entity's defense organization) individual who holds citizenship within the sovereign entity they were assailed in, and/or forced to surrender to their nation or to a government or for-profit official within the sovereign entity.
    8) Slavery and involuntary servitude are prohibited in all of their forms for all beings. Non-human non-plant entities shall be collective property. Gardens and their inhabitants are public property, and the removal of non-hostile creatures from gardens, while not a criminal act, is frowned upon.
    9) No citizen, or person residing or otherwise located within the Commonwealth of Amun is above the Law, or shall be recognized as above the Law. Any governors or the President shall be considered to have any extra-legal status, and all individuals holding citizenship within the Commonwealth of Amun shall be held to the exact same standards as their peers when breaking, or when found to have broken, one or more laws.
    10) No citizen may be stripped of their citizenship without either being charged and convicted of a crime worthy of exile, or without a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly voting for their removal.
    11a) The rights to propose resolutions, engage in dialogue or debate these resolutions, and/or vote on resolutions, shall not be infringed or denied by National or City Governments or their employed officials, or by any person from any nation, even during states of war, except under all points stated in Laws 11b and 11c.
    11b) Ineligibility to vote falls only under the following situations: One is either proposing any form of amendment to either a City Law Code or the Constitution; is not a resident of a city amending their Law Code; has been a resident of the Commonwealth of Amun for a consecutive duration of two weeks or less; is either the defendant, plaintiff, or judge in an ongoing trial; is an alternate account; or falls under any clause mentioned under law 11c.
    11c) Convicted and currently incarcerated individuals may not propose resolutions, make motions in the General Assembly, nor may they vote on resolutions. Convicted individuals who have been released from prison after serving their sentence can legally propose resolutions and vote once more. Individuals convicted of treason, war crimes, or crime(s) where they have acted in a fraudulent manner (such as embezzlement) or an overtly violent act while holding public office are no longer eligible to run for, be appointed to, or otherwise hold such a position. Convicted officials released from incarceration may vote once again.
    SECTION II - THE AMUNIAN PENAL CODE
    1) The committing of, or engaging in the acts of murder and/or manslaughter, is strictly forbidden. Punishment ranges to forfeiture of the rights stated in Law 5 of this Section to capital punishment, depending on perpertrator's interaction(s) with authorities.
    2) The committing of, or engaging in act(s) of theft, is strictly forbidden. Punlshment ranges from returning the stolen items and paying fines to both the victim and the Amunian Government to exile, depending on the value of items stolen and perpertrator's interaction(s) with authorities.
    3) The committing of, or engaging in acts including, but not limited to, discrimination by gender, race, orientation, social class, and/or ability to use magic or class of magic is strictly forbidden. Punishment is a fine paid to the victim, the amount of the fine depending on the perpetuity and severity of the discrimination not to exceed five thousand (5,000) coins.
    4) The committing of, or engaging in the act(s) of embezzling government money for personal purposes is strictly forbidden. Punishment is a fine equivalent to double all of the money embezzled.
    5a) The committing of, or engaging in act(s) of piracy is strictly forbidden, and all who partake in pirate raids, bank robberies, impressment of seafaring individuals and/or hijacking of ships, or other acts deemed by the Justice to be of a pirate nature including, but not limited to, supporting or supplying pirates with any materials or monetary units, is strictly forbidden. Punishment ranges from triple the value of all items stolen or destroyed to exile and/or death (depending on the severity of the crime).
    6) Engaging in threatening behavior by means of word and or deed is strictly forbidden. Punishment is a fine paid to the victim, the amount of the fine depending on the perpetuity and severity of the discrimination not to exceed five thousand (5,000) coins.
    7) The committing of, or engaging in the act(s) of, brutal treatment towards individuals, regardless of whether they are a foreign or Amunian national, or an incarcerated individual from any location, is strictly forbidden. Brutal treatment is simply defined as torture by any means, and/or the unauthorized use of violence against any individual currently located within the Commonwealth of Amun. Punishment ranges from a fine of one-hundred thousand (100,000) coins to exile, depending on the severity of the crime. If one or more acts of brutality directly results in the death of thae victim, the sentence shall be death for the perpetrator.
    8) The committing of, or engaging in one or more acts of treason is strictly forbidden. Treason is defined as the betrayal of one's country for the benefit of another country, one's self, and/or both, and one may only be charged with treason if one openly works against the government's aims (but not its agenda) by means including, but not limited to, attempts to overthrow the sovereign, subvert democratic structures and principles, or "sell out" one's country to another sovereign nation, criminal entity, or enemy of the state. Punishment ranges from a fine levied at the discretion of the Justice not be less than five-hundred thousand (500,000) coins for each charge of treason to death.
    9) The committing of, or engaging in, one or more acts constituting of war crimes or behavior thereof, is strictly forbidden. War crimes shall be defined by decrees passed by the United Empires AND by Amunian Law, recognizing the former has higher jurisdiction. War crimes are defined as actions that defy international laws regarding the activities of war. War crimes constitute treasonous activity, and shall be treated as such, though the Commonwealth of Amun is obligated to honor all requests for extradition to the authority of the United Empires for those charged with war crimes.
    10) Engaging in one or more acts of espionage on behalf of a foreign entity is strictly forbidden. If the perpertrator is a citizen of the Commonwealth of Amun, they may be charged with treason. If the perpetrator is not, they shall be detained indefinitely pending negotiation with their country of citizenship.
    11) The severity of all punishments provided are as follows:
    Fines to Victim; Fines to Victim and Government; Fines to Government; Revocation of Right to Bear Arms and/or Armors (permission to own, but not display publicly except during wartime; Short-Term Incarceration (not exceeding three real-life days); Long-Term Incarceration (exceeding three real-life days) Death; Exile; and Death plus Exile. These punishments and their severities shall not, under any circumstances, be considered lightly by the incumbent Justice.
    SECTION III - THE PRESIDENCY
    1a) The President is the highest elected office and the most powerful office within the Commonwealth of Amun, but is limited in power by this Constitution, and the General Assembly
    1b) The President shall serve as the Head of State, the Head of Government, and the Governor of the Capital City.
    2) Actions and responsibilities specifically delegated to the President are as follows: The President can veto legislation that lacks a three-fourths majority vote in the Assembly; conduct diplomacy with other entities; create, regulate, and destroy parcels; grant and revoke permissions within the empire; grant citizenship to immigrants, asylees, or refugees; serve as the voice of the nation in the United Empires; suppress insurrectionary and treasonous activities; and serve as the Supreme Commander of all Amunian Armed Forces, and delegate and/or revoke any of these powers (with the exception of serving as Supreme Commander) to Governors at their discretion.
    3) Actions specifically restricted to the President are as followed: Suspension of any part of the Constitution outside of the declaration of Martial Law, or restricting the civil liberties of any citizen(s) within Amun that have not been duly charged and convicted of a crime outside of the declaration of Martial Law.
    3b) Martial Law consists of the following: Suspension of all civilian rights within Section I Parts 2a, 2b, 4, 6, and 10 with enforcement at government discretion; the ability to veto any and all resolutions and proposals that exceed a supermajority but are not unanimous; and the ability for the President to suspend elections for a duration not exceeding two (2) weeks.
    3c) If Martial Law lasts longer than two weeks, a governor may recind it without any rammifications, and another state of Martial Law may not be declared for another two weeks. Additionally, Martial Law may only be declared during states of war, insurrections, civil war, and prolonged chains of terrorist or pirate activity (after two successive and successful raids), and may only be declared by the President with approval from All governors or a 2/3 majority in the General Assembly.
    4) Actions not specifically stated to require approval from the Assembly are enumerated to the President. As such, "executive action" may be taken in these areas so long as it abides by all Laws and regulations set forth within this Constitution.
    5) The President may appoint a "Troika" consisting of three Government officials of their choice (with one as a "first among equals" that serves as the Speaker, but this may be delegated to another Troika member) to manage the nation in their absence for an indefinite time not exceeding one month, or twenty-eight (28) days (or until the President's return, or until the next general election, whichever comes first). This arrangement is for periods of Presidential absences, and is hand-selected by the President. (If it is not hand-selected, a snap election will be held.) With this arrangement, executive power is shared between three individuals. For a Troika to declare Martial law, all three members of it AND one other government official must agree to it, with all standard laws and regulations for Martial Law applying. If this arrangement breaks down without Presidential dismissal, OR one month has passed since the Troika was appointed or took power, a snap election shall be called, and the winner shall be inaugurated as President to serve the rest of the predecessor's term until the General Election.
    6) Tasks undertaken by the President may not infringe upon the rights of the individual or of property except where applicable under Law.
    SECTION IV - THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
    1) The General Assembly is the unicameral legislative body within the Commonwealth of Amun. All legislation that is proposed goes through this Assembly, and to the President to either sign into law, or to veto.
    2) The General Assembly is comprised of all citizens within the Commonwealth of Amun. Each citizen, regardless of Government employment, receives one vote.
    3a) Any citizen may motion to propose a resolution, and if at one person supports this motion then the President may ask for opposition to this motion.
    3b) If there is no opposition to this motion within a set period of time not less than one hour or more than twenty-four hours, the President is free to sign this into law, or remove from consideration the proposal or resolution.
    3c) If opposition is shown, a vote is required on the motion.
    3d) For a vote or a motion to pass, a simple majority (51%) is required. A veto-proof majority is equivalent to three-fourths 75% voting in favor of a resolution.
    4) The President, or the 'first among equals' in an assembled Troika serves as the Speaker of the Assembly. The Speaker, whomever currently fills this position, shall not vote in resolutions with the exception of breaking ties.
    5) Actions that require, without exception, a vote in the Assembly are as follows: Declarations of war on foreign entities; economic actions directed to an entire country (such as a sanction, quarantine, or blockade); modification of tax law; the revoking of an individual their citizenship without conviction; the downgrading or upgrading of relations with other empires; ratification of non-peace treaties and the declarations of states of emergencies. All of these require a two-thirds (67%) majority to pass.
    SECTION V - THE GOVERNOR
    1) The Governor of a city is the elected official in charge of the management and caretaking of day-to-day affairs within the city they were elected to manage.
    2) Actions and responsibilities specifically delegated to a Governor are as follows: The Governor may parcel land in their cities, enforce the law to the extent as permitted within this Constitution; manage the day-to-day operations of city government; and carry out any and all other delegated powers to them as perscribed by law.
    3) A governor may be elected for this position by the citizens of the city, provided the new Governor has been a resident of that city for at least two (2) weeks. A governor may also be fired from this position with a majority vote from the citizens of the city they govern after two weeks have passed since their ascension to governorship of a city.
    4) If an individual wishes to become governor of their city, they may make a motion to trigger an election (provided a gubernatorial election for this city has already taken place within 2 weeks). This motion is automatically passed irregardless of circumstance, and a gubernatorial election shall take place. Any individual who has been a citizen of the city for more than 2 weeks may choose to run in the election.
    5) Tasks undertaken by a Governor may not infringe upon the rights of the individual or of property except where applicable under Law.
    SECTION VI - THE JUDICIARY ROLE OF THE General Assembly
    1) The General Assembly will deal with all manner of crimes and charges originating from anywhere within the jurisdiction of Amun.
    2) The federal courthouse shall be located within the capital city.
    3) General Assembly is to interpret the Constitution and deliver the law, and shall handle any and all legal cases within Amun.
    4) Trials within the Commonwealth of Amun shall be, on a normal basis, trials by jury, presided over by the president.
    5) In the case of war trials or other special cases a judge will be appointed by the president and voted on by the General Assembly. The judge will determine the outcome of the case which they are appointed to try
    6) A jury will be composed of 3 individuals who have been citizens of the Commonwealth of Amun for more than two weeks, who have been randomly selected. (Generally by random number generator or another equally valid method)
    SECTION VII - ELECTION PROCESSES AND IMPEACHMENT PROCEEDINGS
    1) The President serves a term equivalent to two real-life months, or fifty-six (56) days.
    2) A general election shall last for four days. During this time the incumbent President is still the head of state, head of government, and governor of the Capital City.
    3) The President-elect is ceremonially inaugurated on the day after a general election for each concludes.
    4) The President can serve as many terms as they wish, but must step down after two consecutive terms (or a maximum of five months in office) in an effort to preserve democracy and decentralize power. They may run again after one term of being outside of the office of President.
    5) In the event of the conviction or resignation of a Governor or President, a snap election will be held, and the winner of this election serves the rest of their predecessor's term.
    6a) Impeachment brings charges against a specific elected official. The official is barred from voting on impeachment proceedings, though may speak in their defense if they so desire. A two-thirds majority is required to impeach an elected or appointed official (and charge them with a crime).
    6b) Once an individual is impeached, they are brought to trial, and have all the rights of other defendants. If an individual is successfully found "guilty", they are convicted of the crime they were charged of, and forcibly removed from their office, prohibited in perpetuity from holding another government office within the Commonwealth of Amun. Depending on the crime, they may be incarcerated.
    7) Potential candidates for the positions of President and/or Governor must announce their campaigns no later than one week (or seven days) before an Election.
    ECTION VIII - ECONOMIC AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE LAWS
    1) All entities that are considered "for-profit" (including, but not limited to corporations and markets) originating and/or operating within the Commonwealth of Amun are subject to all laws and regulations within the Commonwealth of Amun and its Constitution.
    2) Domestic and foreign "for-profit" entities found to be engaging in treasonous activity, or to be breaking (or having broken) one or more laws intentionally for the purposes of monetary gain shall be punished along with their chief excecutive officer(s) as provided in the Amunian Penal Code.
    3) Engaging in dealings, business or otherwise, as a for-profit organization or an organization subsidized by the Amunian Government towards nations whose relations with the Commonwealth of Amun are "Cold" or "Hostile", or engaging in trade with nations embargoed by the Commonwealth of Amun and/or its allies is strictly forbidden and will be dealt with accordingly.
    4a) Nationalized entities shall serve the people, and their primary goal shall not be financial gain.
    4b) Employees of nationalized entities are state employees.
    5) Corporations based and founded within the Commonwealth of Amun may relocate to other empires but all items being exported must be inspected. Any number of items under the possibility of exportation being deemed "excessive" by the President may freely be nationalized.
    6a) Taxes no lower than 10% and no higher than 40% may be levied upon resources obtained from mines or smelted at foundries by any individual.
    6b) Taxed items shall go towards state-owned storage to be distributed to citizens and non-profit entities as requested and as needed.
    6c) Taxes shall be imposed on the following resources at the following rates:
    * Coal: 10%
    * Glass: 10%
    * Shards: 10%
    * Iron: 20%
    * Lapis Lazuli: 20%
    * Redstone: 20%
    * Quartz: 20%
    * Gold: 20%
    * Emeralds: 20%
    * Diamonds: 30%
    6d) No other taxes shall be levied upon any other items or individuals.
    7) During states of declared warfare, the government may request use of a non-governmental organization's resources and/or collaboration with the non-government organization in an effort to advance the war effort, through a process known as "lend-lease". In the event the war ends in any type of victory for the Commonwealth of Amun, the Amunian Government has an obligation to pay back the leased items in full to the non-government entity the items were borrowed from.
    8) Non-governmental organizations (such as corporations) may not be nationalized without approval from their chief executive officer (CEO). This right may be voided if laws are broken by a CEO or the non-governmental organization as a whole.
    SECTION IX - THE MILITARY
    1) The official name of the nation's military is the Amunian Military Corps (AMC).
    2a) The Commonwealth of Amun shall maintain a periodic volunteer militia for peacetime defense purposes.
    2b) The Commonwealth of Amun shall maintain a conscripted standing army for wartime activities, both offensive and defensive.
    3) The President of the Commonwealth of Amun shall be recognized as the Supreme Commander of the Amunian Military Corps.
    4a) The AMC shall be subdivided into two branches: The Amunian Home Guard (AHG) and the Amunian Expeditionary Forces (AEF).
    4b) The AHG shall be tasked with defending the Continent of ------- from foreign invasions and defending the lives and territory of the Amun.
    4c) The AEF shall be tasked with offensive manuevers in enemy or hostile territory and the pacification of said territory.
    5) An individual may partake in multiple branches of the military, up to and including both of them.
    6) Military regulations may be set freely in declaration(s) by the President.
    7a) The AMC may respond to military threats, including, but not limited to incursions of national sovereignty from pirates or nations with Cold or Hostile relations with the Commonwealth of Amun. The AMC may not battle foreign soldiers without a declaration of war. (Pirates are exempt from this)
    7b) The AMC shall respond to pirate activities on Amunian or allied territories with force.
    7c) The AMC and all pro-Amunian combatants are authorized to commandeer enemy vehicles and items from enemy combatants during states of war, and no Amunian or allied entity shall be charged for acts of piracy unless said acts are directed towards the government or the people of the Commonwealth of Amun or its friends and allies.
    SECTION X - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
    1) The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Amun is the supreme law of the nation and all territories under its jurisdiction, as well as all acts and laws passed under it by the General Assembly and the President.
    2) The Commonwealth of Amun claims the Continent of ---------- as sovereign territory, and recognizes no foreign claims to this territory with the exception of those established within foreign treaties of relations.
    3a) This Constitution can only be amended with a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly.
    3b) The complete abolition of this Constitution, should one wish to propose such legislation requites a unanimous vote among all governors AND a nine-tenths majority vote of the entirety of the population of the Commonwealth of Amun in favor of doing so.

    Recruitment Status:
    If you are interested in joining message The acting president or an empire official
     
    Last edited: Sep 10, 2019
  2. 19fitzna

    19fitzna Iron Staff Member Helper

    The following is the most recent form of the constitution of The Commonwealth of Amun, passed democratically by her people as evidenced by Bloodraven (This version will be edited as the constitution is amended):

    PREAMBLE:
    We, the Citizens of Amun in the lands of Mysto, with the steel will and determination to form and establish a land united, divided, and truly free, all come together in the interests of protecting the ideals of liberty and democratic governance, and with the final goal of world unification through peaceful and diplomatic means under the values of freedom and justice for all, upholds, protects, and forms the Commonwealth of Amun
    --------------------------------------------
    SECTION I - RIGHTS OF THE PEOPLE
    --------------------------------------------
    1) The rights of the people of the Commonwealth of Amun shall not be infringed unless specifically prescribed by law. No citizen may be stripped of the right to vote unless duly convicted of a crime and incarcerated.
    2a) All citizens are free to pursue the employment they wish to, free from the government forcing one to do so. Employment will be regulated only in that one receives adequate pay for their work; that work is available and fair; and that the work, or any part of it, is not criminal in its nature.
    2b) All citizens are entitled to these basic rights: The rights to freedom of speech, freedom of religion, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and the freedom to petition the Government for the redress of any and all grievances.
    2c) All citizens are entitled to these basic items: The rights to their own housing and the land around it up to, but not including, any and all surrounding road(s), food, and at least one of each type (not class) of unarmed vehicle designed primarily for transportation. The ownership of more than one residential facility in a city is forbidden.
    3) No damage shall be dealt to either personal, public, or private property, or any property leased to other nations or entities under any circumstances, regardless of intent.
    Laws where prescribed and in reference to the Amunian Penal Code may lead to the indefinite forfeiture of part or all parts of this right.
    4) All citizens have the right to bear arms (Such as swords, axes, bows, and magic wands). Violation of any part of the first Article is grounds for the forfeiture of this right as stated within the Amunian Penal Code.
    5a) An official may not enter into, nor onto, a citizen's place of residence or personal property (i.e. home, apartment, business, etc.) for purposes of search and/or seizure, nor may a citizen be arrested and/or detained without an appropriate warrant or order issued by the Justice. (See Section VI for details on property law.)
    5b) Personal property shall be defined as one's primary place of residence, storable items, and one or more of each type of vehicle (land, air, and sea). All of these shall be protected from government and non-governmental organizational seizure as per the appropriate provisions in this Constitution. All of this type of property is protected by the government, but must either be stored on one's residence, in any storage unit or entity owned by an individual, or on their person.
    5c) Private property shall be defined as a for-profit entity's collective ownership of one or more facilities that are not state-owned, nationalized, or personal property. Such items include corporation-owned-and-operated buildings or facilities, corporation-owned vehicles, and items mined specifically for corporate entities. These shall be protected from governmental seizure as per the appropriate provisions in Section I of this Constitution.
    5cI) Private military hardware may be owned but it’s location and purpose has to be reported to the government. Seizure of the private military hardware can result from any of the following reasons (5cII,5cIII):
    5cII) if a state of martial law has been declared, or should a motion be passed by the general assembly.
    5cIII) it is found that the owner of the hardware has been managing it in a way that breaks any laws set out by the Amunian constitution
    5d) Public property shall be defined as both state-owned property and property that belongs to the people as a whole, protected from claims by non-governmental organizations. Such items include all items within government buildings, all farmlands, all horses, and all animals. (Military hardware (such as armed and armored vehicles, and cannons) falls under public property, but the government may place restrictions on their use and transportation.) No item may be taken from any of the protected locations above by a non-government organization without permission from the President or the governor of the city it is in.
    6a) The only way a warrant may be issued is if there is obvious proof a crime has been committed, or if there was reasonable suspicion one was committed by this person(s). An arrest warrant must state all charges being issued against a person, or group of persons, while a search/seizure warrant must state any and all reasons and suspicions for the searching of any property, whether it be public, private, or personal. Property, items, or items found on property seized without a warrant may not be considered as evidence during a criminal investigation or trial, and must be returned to the location where they were found.
    6b) A warrant for one's arrest may only be issued by a majority vote from the General Assembly.
    6c) Detainment lengths after arrests but before trials shall not exceed forty-eight hours, no extensions. Extra-judicial detainment or arrests are forbidden.
    7a) No physical hostile action may be taken against another sovereign entity by any citizen of the Commonwealth of Amun without one of four prerequisites: a state of war having been officially declared towards said entity by the Amunian Government; a state of war having been officially declared towards Amun by said entity; a point in relations between another entity is reached where hostilities are inherent and intentional; or where one's life, limb, and/or assets are placed in jeopardy by any foreign entity.
    7b) For a casus belli to fall under the fourth clause of Article 7a, a citizen of the Commonwealth of Amun must have been openly attacked either verbally or physically by a foreign entity; threatened to be killed, or otherwise killed by a government-employed individual (defined as a government official or member of a nation's armed forces) or privately-employed (defined as a corporate official or member of a for-profit entity's defense organization) individual who holds citizenship within the sovereign entity they were assailed in, and/or forced to surrender to their nation or to a government or for-profit official within the sovereign entity.
    8) Slavery and involuntary servitude are prohibited in all of their forms for all beings. Non-human non-plant entities shall be collective property. Gardens and their inhabitants are public property, and the removal of non-hostile creatures from gardens, while not a criminal act, is frowned upon.
    9) No citizen, or person residing or otherwise located within the Commonwealth of Amun is above the Law, or shall be recognized as above the Law. Any governors or the President shall be considered to have any extra-legal status, and all individuals holding citizenship within the Commonwealth of Amun shall be held to the exact same standards as their peers when breaking, or when found to have broken, one or more laws.
    10) No citizen may be stripped of their citizenship without either being charged and convicted of a crime worthy of exile, or without a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly voting for their removal.
    11a) The rights to propose resolutions, engage in dialogue or debate these resolutions, and/or vote on resolutions, shall not be infringed or denied by National or City Governments or their employed officials, or by any person from any nation, even during states of war, except under all points stated in Laws 11b and 11c.
    11b) Ineligibility to vote falls only under the following situations: One is either proposing any form of amendment to either a City Law Code or the Constitution; is not a resident of a city amending their Law Code; has been a resident of the Commonwealth of Amun for a consecutive duration of two weeks or less; is either the defendant, plaintiff, or judge in an ongoing trial; is an alternate account; or falls under any clause mentioned under law 11c.
    11c) Convicted and currently incarcerated individuals may not propose resolutions, make motions in the General Assembly, nor may they vote on resolutions. Convicted individuals who have been released from prison after serving their sentence can legally propose resolutions and vote once more. Individuals convicted of treason, war crimes, or crime(s) where they have acted in a fraudulent manner (such as embezzlement) or an overtly violent act while holding public office are no longer eligible to run for, be appointed to, or otherwise hold such a position. Convicted officials released from incarceration may vote once again.
    ---------------------------------------------------
    SECTION II - THE AMUNIAN PENAL CODE
    ---------------------------------------------------
    1) The committing of, or engaging in the acts of murder and/or manslaughter, is strictly forbidden. Punishment ranges to forfeiture of the rights stated in Law 5 of this Section to capital punishment, depending on perpetrator's interaction(s) with authorities.
    2) The committing of, or engaging in act(s) of theft, is strictly forbidden. Punishment ranges from returning the stolen items and paying fines to both the victim and the Amunian Government to exile, depending on the value of items stolen and perpetrator's interaction(s) with authorities.
    3) The committing of, or engaging in acts including, but not limited to, discrimination by gender, race, orientation, social class, and/or ability to use magic or class of magic is strictly forbidden. Punishment is a fine paid to the victim, the amount of the fine depending on the perpetuity and severity of the discrimination not to exceed five thousand (5,000) coins.
    4) The committing of, or engaging in the act(s) of embezzling government money for personal purposes is strictly forbidden. Punishment is a fine equivalent to double all of the money embezzled.
    5) The committing of, or engaging in act(s) of piracy is strictly forbidden, and all who partake in pirate raids, bank robberies, impressment of seafaring individuals and/or hijacking of ships, or other acts deemed by the Justice to be of a pirate nature including, but not limited to, supporting or supplying pirates with any materials or monetary units, is strictly forbidden. Punishment ranges from triple the value of all items stolen or destroyed to exile and/or death (depending on the severity of the crime).
    6) Engaging in threatening behavior by means of word and or deed is strictly forbidden. Punishment is a fine paid to the victim, the amount of the fine depending on the perpetuity and severity of the discrimination not to exceed five thousand (5,000) coins.
    7) The committing of, or engaging in the act(s) of, brutal treatment towards individuals, regardless of whether they are a foreign or Amunian national, or an incarcerated individual from any location, is strictly forbidden. Brutal treatment is simply defined as torture by any means, and/or the unauthorized use of violence against any individual currently located within the Commonwealth of Amun. Punishment ranges from a fine of one-hundred thousand (100,000) coins to exile, depending on the severity of the crime. If one or more acts of brutality directly results in the death of the victim, the sentence shall be death for the perpetrator.
    8) The committing of, or engaging in one or more acts of treason is strictly forbidden. Treason is defined as the betrayal of one's country for the benefit of another country, one's self, and/or both, and one may only be charged with treason if one openly works against the government's aims (but not its agenda) by means including, but not limited to, attempts to overthrow the sovereign, subvert democratic structures and principles, or "sell out" one's country to another sovereign nation, criminal entity, or enemy of the state. Punishment ranges from a fine levied at the discretion of the Justice not be less than five-hundred thousand (500,000) coins for each charge of treason to death.
    9) The committing of, or engaging in, one or more acts constituting of war crimes or behavior thereof, is strictly forbidden. War crimes shall be defined by decrees passed by the United Empires AND by Amunian Law, recognizing the former has higher jurisdiction. War crimes are defined as actions that defy international laws regarding the activities of war. War crimes constitute treasonous activity, and shall be treated as such, though the Commonwealth of Amun is obligated to honor all requests for extradition to the authority of the United Empires for those charged with war crimes.
    10) Engaging in one or more acts of espionage on behalf of a foreign entity is strictly forbidden. If the perpetrator is a citizen of the Commonwealth of Amun, they may be charged with treason. If the perpetrator is not, they shall be detained indefinitely pending negotiation with their country of citizenship.
    11) The severity of all punishments provided are as follows (from least to most severe):
    Fines to Victim; Fines to Victim and Government; Fines to Government; Revocation of Right to Bear Arms and/or Armors (permission to own, but not display publicly except during wartime; Short-Term Incarceration (not exceeding three real-life days); Long-Term Incarceration (exceeding three real-life days) Death; Exile; and Death plus Exile. These punishments and their severities shall not, under any circumstances, be considered lightly by the incumbent Justice.
    --------------------------------------
    SECTION III - THE PRESIDENCY
    --------------------------------------
    1a) The President is the highest elected office and the most powerful office within the Commonwealth of Amun, but is limited in power by this Constitution, and the General Assembly
    1b) The President shall serve as the Head of State, the Head of Government, and the Governor of the Capital City.
    2a) Actions and responsibilities specifically delegated to the President are as follows: The President can veto legislation that lacks a three-fourths majority vote in the Assembly; create, regulate, and destroy parcels; grant and revoke permissions within the empire; grant citizenship to immigrants, asylum seekers, or refugees; serve as the voice of the nation in the United Empires; suppress insurrection, sedition, and treasonous activities; and serve as the Supreme Commander of all Amunian Armed Forces.
    2b) The President can delegate their Presidential responsibilities to committees formed from members of the General Assembly. Members of each committee are appointed by the leader of the committee who has to be a elected officer of the empire as per section 6 of the Amunian constitution. All appointed members of any committee will not be forced to give up control over any corporations or other non-governmental entities.
    3a) Actions specifically restricted (forbidden) to the President are as follows: Suspension of any part of the Constitution outside of the declaration of Martial Law, or restricting the civil liberties of any citizen(s) within Amun that have not been duly charged and convicted of a crime outside of the declaration of Martial Law.
    3b) Martial Law consists of the following: Suspension of all civilian rights within Section I Parts 2a, 2b, 4, and 6, with enforcement at government discretion; the ability to veto any and all resolutions and proposals that exceed a supermajority but are not unanimous; and the ability for the President to suspend elections for a duration not exceeding two (2) weeks.
    3c) If Martial Law lasts longer than two weeks, a governor may rescind it without any ramifications, and another state of Martial Law may not be declared for another two weeks. Additionally, Martial Law may only be declared during states of war, insurrection, civil war, or prolonged chains of terrorist or pirate activity (after two successive and successful raids). Martial Law may only be declared by the President with approval from all governors and a 2/3 majority in the General Assembly.
    4) Actions not specifically stated to require approval from the Assembly are enumerated to the President. As such, "executive action" may be taken in these areas so long as it abides by all Laws and regulations set forth within this Constitution.
    5) The President may appoint a "Troika" consisting of three Citizens of their choice (with one as a "first among equals" that serves as the Speaker, but this may be delegated to another Troika member) to manage the nation in their absence for an indefinite time not exceeding one month, or twenty-eight (28) days (or until the President's return, or until the next general election, whichever comes first). This arrangement is for periods of Presidential absences, and is hand-selected by the President. (If it is not hand-selected, a snap election will be held.) With this arrangement, executive power is shared between three individuals. For a Troika to declare Martial law, all three members of it AND one other government official must agree to it, with all standard laws and regulations for Martial Law applying. If this arrangement breaks down without Presidential dismissal, OR one month has passed since the Troika was appointed or took power, a snap election shall be called, and the winner shall be inaugurated as President to serve the rest of the predecessor's term until the General Election.
    6) Tasks undertaken by the President may not infringe upon the rights of the individual or of property except where applicable under Law.
    7) Upon becoming president an individual must release ownership of, or leave any non-governmental organizations/companies they were apart of/owned.
    ------------------------------------------------
    SECTION IV - THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
    ------------------------------------------------
    1) The General Assembly is the unicameral legislative body within the Commonwealth of Amun. All legislation that is proposed goes through this Assembly, and to the President to either sign into law, or to veto.
    2) The General Assembly is comprised of all citizens within the Commonwealth of Amun. Each citizen, regardless of Government employment, receives one vote.
    3a) Any citizen may motion to propose a resolution, and if at one person supports this motion then the President may ask for opposition to this motion.
    3b) If there is no opposition to this motion within a set period of time not less than one hour or more than twenty-four hours, the President is free to sign this into law, or remove from consideration the proposal or resolution.
    3c) If opposition is shown, a vote is required on the motion.
    3d) For a vote or a motion to pass, a simple majority (51%) is required. A veto-proof majority is equivalent to three-fourths 75% voting in favor of a resolution.
    4) The President, or the 'first among equals' in an assembled Troika serves as the Speaker of the Assembly. The Speaker, whomever currently fills this position, shall not vote in resolutions with the exception of breaking ties.
    5) Actions that require, without exception, a vote in the Assembly are as follows: Declarations of war on foreign entities; economic actions directed to an entire country (such as a sanction, quarantine, or blockade); modification of tax law; the revoking of an individual their citizenship without conviction; the downgrading or upgrading of relations with other empires; ratification of non-peace treaties and the declarations of states of emergencies. All of these require a two-thirds (67%) majority to pass.
    6) There shall be a permanently established Foreign Affairs Committee. Only the permanent Foreign Affairs Committee of the General Assembly can conduct formal diplomacy on behalf of the President and Government of Amun.
    7a) Votes are cast in the Commonwealth of Amun discord channel (overseen by a staff member)
    7b) Upon declaration of the vote, there must be a 24 hour period in which votes may be cast, by either using a "react" checkmark for yay, or X for nay
    7c) After conclusion of the vote, the current speaker of the GA (defined as either the president, placeholder, or first amoung equals) declares the number of votes yay and nay, and whether or not the vote passes or not.
    7d) Within 24 hours of a constitutional ammendment, the current speaker of the GA must update the Commonwealth of Amun Forum post with the new, ammended version of the constituion and sign it, at which point it will be signed by a staff witness.
    7e) if the speaker fails to perform this duty upon more than 3 occasions, the GA may decide to try them for treasonous activity.
    --------------------------------------
    SECTION V - THE GOVERNOR
    --------------------------------------
    1) The Governor of a city is the elected official in charge of the management and caretaking of day-to-day affairs within the city they were elected to manage.
    2) Actions and responsibilities specifically delegated to a Governor are as follows: The Governor may parcel land in their cities, enforce the law to the extent as permitted within this Constitution; manage the day-to-day operations of city government; and carry out any and all other delegated powers to them as prescribed by law.
    3) A governor may be elected for this position by the citizens of the city, provided the new Governor has been a resident of that city for at least two (2) weeks. A governor may also be fired from this position with a simple majority vote from the citizens of the city they govern after two weeks have passed since their ascension to governorship of a city.
    4) If an individual wishes to become governor of their city, they may make a motion to trigger an election (provided a gubernatorial election for this city has not already taken place within 2 weeks). This motion is automatically passed regardless of circumstance, and a gubernatorial election shall take place. Any individual who has been a citizen of the city for more than 2 weeks may choose to run in the election.
    5) Tasks undertaken by a Governor may not infringe upon the rights of the individual or of property except where applicable under Law.
    6) Upon becoming a governor an individual must release ownership of, or leave any non-governmental organizations/companies they were apart of/owned.
    --------------------------------
    Section VI - The Official
    --------------------------------
    1a) Officials are the lowest level of government personnel, and perform multiple roles
    1b) An official's duties are: Law enforcement, settling intra-empire disputes, basic empire management (i.e. switching groups for members, inviting members, switching a players city, etc.)
    1c) Official may also have special jobs delegated by the president such as: Commander of the armed forces (subordinate to the President), as well as any other power which could be delegated to a governor.
    2a) Officials are nominated by the President, and must pass a 2/3rds majority in the General Assembly
    2b) When nominated an official's role must be stated by the president. The official may not work as a government official outside those roles, however may work on them as any other citizen.
    2c) An official can work in any number of roles so long as they are able to be delegated, and there may be multiple officials working in a single role.
    2d) In order for an official to switch, or gain additional roles, the president must re-nominate them as an official, and they must be voted on as indicated above. However, if this vote fails to pass, the official stays in office, but their roles do not change.
    2e) The president may remove an official's roles at any time.
    3) Upon becoming an official an individual must release ownership of, or leave any non-governmental organizations/companies they were a part of/owned.
    4) There may not be more than one official per 1 non-government official citizen of Amun.
    5) When a new president comes into office, they may choose to retain any pre-existing officials, so long as their roles do not change. Otherwise the roles must be changed in accordance to Section VI 2d.
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    SECTION VII - THE JUDICIARY ROLE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    1) The General Assembly will deal with all manner of crimes and charges originating from anywhere within the jurisdiction of Amun.
    2) The federal courthouse shall be located within the capital city.
    3) General Assembly is to interpret the Constitution and deliver the law, and shall handle any and all legal cases within Amun.
    4) Trials within the Commonwealth of Amun shall be, on a normal basis, trials by jury, presided over by the president.
    5) In the case of war trials or other special cases a judge will be appointed by the president and voted on by the General Assembly. The judge will determine the outcome of the case which they are appointed to try
    6) A jury will be composed of 3 individuals who have been citizens of the Commonwealth of Amun for more than two weeks, who have been randomly selected. (Generally by random number generator or another equally valid method)
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    SECTION VIII - ELECTION PROCESSES AND IMPEACHMENT PROCEEDINGS
    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    1) The President serves a term equivalent to two real-life months, or fifty-six (56) days.
    2) A general election shall last for four days. During this time the incumbent President is still the head of state, head of government, and governor of the Capital City.
    3) The President-elect is ceremonially inaugurated on the day after a general election for each concludes.
    4) The President can serve as many terms as they wish, but must step down after two consecutive terms (or a maximum of five months in office) in an effort to preserve democracy and decentralize power. They may run again after one term of being outside of the office of President.
    5) In the event of the conviction or resignation of a Governor or President, a snap election will be held, and the winner of this election serves the rest of their predecessor's term.
    6a) Impeachment brings charges against a specific elected official. The official is barred from voting on impeachment proceedings, though may speak in their defense if they so desire. A two-thirds majority is required to impeach an elected or appointed official (and charge them with a crime).
    6b) Once an individual is impeached, they are brought to trial, and have all the rights of other defendants. If an individual is successfully found "guilty", they are convicted of the crime they were charged of, and forcibly removed from their office, prohibited in perpetuity from holding another government office within the Commonwealth of Amun. Depending on the crime, they may be incarcerated.
    7) Potential candidates for the positions of President and/or Governor must announce their campaigns no later than one week (or seven days) before an Election.
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    SECTION IX - ECONOMIC AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE LAWS
    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    1) All entities that are considered "for-profit" (including, but not limited to corporations and markets) originating and/or operating within the Commonwealth of Amun are subject to all laws and regulations within the Commonwealth of Amun and its Constitution.
    2) Domestic and foreign "for-profit" entities found to be engaging in treasonous activity, or to be breaking (or having broken) one or more laws intentionally for the purposes of monetary gain shall be punished along with their chief excecutive officer(s) as provided in the Amunian Penal Code.
    3) Engaging in dealings, business or otherwise, as a for-profit organization or an organization subsidized by the Amunian Government towards nations whose relations with the Commonwealth of Amun are "Cold" or "Hostile", or engaging in trade with nations embargoed by the Commonwealth of Amun and/or its allies is strictly forbidden and will be dealt with accordingly.
    4a) Nationalized entities shall serve the people, and their primary goal shall not be financial gain.
    4b) Employees of nationalized entities are state employees.
    5) Corporations based and founded within the Commonwealth of Amun may relocate to other empires but all items being exported must be inspected. Any number of items under the possibility of exportation being deemed "excessive" by the President may freely be nationalized.
    6a) Taxes no lower than 10% and no higher than 40% may be levied upon resources obtained from mines or smelted at foundries by any individual.
    6b) Taxed items shall go towards state-owned storage to be distributed to citizens and non-profit entities as requested and as needed.
    6c) Taxes shall be imposed on the following resources at the following rates:
    * Coal: 10%
    * Glass: 10%
    * Shards: 10%
    * Iron: 20%
    * Lapis Lazuli: 20%
    * Redstone: 20%
    * Quartz: 20%
    * Gold: 20%
    * Emeralds: 20%
    * Diamonds: 30%
    6d) No other taxes shall be levied upon any other items or individuals.
    7) During states of declared warfare, the government may request use of a non-governmental organization's resources and/or collaboration with the non-government organization in an effort to advance the war effort, through a process known as "lend-lease". In the event the war ends in any type of victory for the Commonwealth of Amun, the Amunian Government has an obligation to pay back the leased items in full to the non-government entity the items were borrowed from.
    8a) The government holds the right to negotiate state to state trade with any foreign entity with neutral or more friendly relations
    8b) The government may trade any items/ships/military hardware provided that they are not personal or private property
    8c) The government may contract out trade deals or public construction efforts to Amun-based companies or citizens, but not to foreign entities unless approved by the GA.
    8d) All contracts must be publicly available (i.e. Contracts must be offered to all citizens and corporations in a public place and all citizens and companies may bid for the contract with the contract being awarded to the lowest bid)
    8e) Failure to carry out a contract by any person or corporation will result in a fine between 1k-100k coins depending on how delayed service rendered was in addition to the value of the contract
    9) Non-governmental organizations (such as corporations) may not be nationalized without approval from their chief executive officer (CEO) or other analogous position. This right may be voided if Amunian laws are broken by a CEO or the non-governmental organization as a whole.
    ---------------------------------
    SECTION X - THE MILITARY
    ----------------------------------
    1) The official name of the nation's military is the Amunian Military Corps (AMC).
    2a) The Commonwealth of Amun shall maintain a periodic volunteer militia for peacetime defense purposes.
    2b) The Commonwealth of Amun shall maintain a conscripted standing army for wartime activities, both offensive and defensive.
    3) The President of the Commonwealth of Amun shall be recognized as the Supreme Commander of the Amunian Military Corps.
    4a) The AMC shall be subdivided into two branches: The Amunian Home Guard (AHG) and the Amunian Expeditionary Forces (AEF).
    4b) The AHG shall be tasked with defending the Continent of ------- from foreign invasions and defending the lives and territory of the Amun.
    4c) The AEF shall be tasked with offensive manuevers in enemy or hostile territory and the pacification of said territory.
    5) An individual may partake in multiple branches of the military, up to and including both of them.
    6) Military regulations may be set freely in declaration(s) by the President.
    7a) The AMC may respond to military threats, including, but not limited to incursions of national sovereignty from pirates or nations with Cold or Hostile relations with the Commonwealth of Amun. The AMC may not battle foreign soldiers without a declaration of war. (Pirates are exempt from this)
    7b) The AMC shall respond to pirate activities on Amunian or allied territories with force.
    7c) The AMC and all pro-Amunian combatants are authorized to commandeer enemy vehicles and items from enemy combatants during states of war, and no Amunian or allied entity shall be charged for acts of piracy unless said acts are directed towards the government or the people of the Commonwealth of Amun or its friends and allies.
    ------------------------------------------------------
    SECTION XII - MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
    ------------------------------------------------------
    1) The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Amun is the supreme law of the nation and all territories under its jurisdiction, as well as all acts and laws passed under it by the General Assembly and the President.
    2) The Commonwealth of Amun claims the Continent of Amun as sovereign territory, and recognizes no foreign claims to this territory with the exception of those established within foreign treaties of relations.
    3a) This Constitution can only be amended with a two-thirds majority in the General Assembly.
    3b) The complete abolition of this Constitution, should one wish to propose such legislation requites a unanimous vote among all government officials AND a nine-tenths majority vote of the entirety of the population of the Commonwealth of Amun in favor of doing so.
    4) All votes not cast in the General Assembly do not add into the overall percentage needed for a vote or proposal to pass.
    ---Subsection A---
    1. All Craft (eg. airships, water-ships, and cars) must be named for identification purposes
    2. All civilian owned vessels should have ACS (standing for Amunian Civilian Ship) before the name of the ship (All names should be located on the pilot sign for that ship)
    3. Civilian owned vessels should also have the name of their owner indicated on the pilot sign unless the name makes ownership apparent, eg: ACS Fred's Yacht
    4. Company owned vessels should have the company initials or abbreviation before the name (eg. WWIS for West Western Industries Ship)
    5. All government owned ships should have CAS before the name (standing for Commonwealth of Amun Ship)
    6. for Land, and airships these abbreviations should be changed to LS and AS accordingly (AS standing for Airship and LS standing for Land Ship; eg. ACS becomes ACLS for a land ship and ACAS for an airship)
     
    Last edited: Sep 10, 2019

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